Regulatorio Financiero

Data Protection Dictionary (Jargon)

This Data Protection (Jargon) Dictionary is a section of a financial regulatory dictionary. And it has a specific regulation. The language of the financial regulatory field is complex and an entry barrier to understanding its regulation. This work is informative and lacking in scientific character. It is only an approach that facilitates access to a complex subject. This same work and this particular section are available in Spanish.

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DATA SUBJECTThe natural person to whon the data undergoing processing pertain
SUPERVISORY AUTHORITYAn independent public authority which is established by a Member State pursuant to Article 51 of Regulation 2016/679
SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY CONCERNED A supervisory authority which is concerned by the processing of personal data because: (a) the controller or processor is established on the territory of the Member State of that supervisory authority; (b) data subjects residing in the Member State of that supervisory authority are substantially affected or likely to be substantially affected by the processing; or (c) a complaint has been lodged with that supervisory authority
TRANSFER OR COMMUNICATION OF DATAAny disclosure of data made to a person other than the data subject
CONSENT OF THE DATA SUBJECTAny freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the data subject’s wishes by which he or she, by a statement or by a clear affirmative action, signifies agreement to the processing of personal data relating to him or her
PUBLICLY AVAILABLE DATAData that are available to the general public, not precluded by any restrictive rule, and are collected in media such as censuses, yearbooks, public databases, directories of case law, press archives, telephone directories or similar, as well as data published in the form of lists of persons belonging to professional groups containing only the names, titles, profession, activity, academic degrees, address and indication of membership in the group
BIOMETRIC DATAPersonal data resulting from specific technical processing relating to the physical, physiological or behavioural characteristics of a natural person, which allow or confirm the unique identification of that natural person, such as facial images or dactyloscopic data
GENETIC DATAPersonal data relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of a natural person which give unique information about the physiology or the health of that natural person and which result, in particular, from an analysis of a biological sample from the natural person in question
PERSONAL DATAAny information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person
DATA CONCERNING HEALTHPersonal data related to the physical or mental health of a natural person, including the provision of health care services, which reveal information about his or her health status
RECIPIENTA natural or legal person, public authority, agency or another body, to which the personal data are disclosed, whether a third party or not. However, public authorities which may receive personal data in the framework of a particular inquiry in accordance with Union or Member State law shall not be regarded as recipients; the processing of those data by those public authorities shall be in compliance with the applicable data protection rules according to the purposes of the processing
PROFILINGAny form of automated processing of personal data consisting of the use of personal data to evaluate certain personal aspects relating to a natural person, in particular to analyse or predict aspects concerning that natural person’s performance at work, economic situation, health, personal preferences, interests, reliability, behaviour, location or movements
ENTERPRISEA natural or legal person engaged in an economic activity, irrespective of its legal form, including partnerships or associations regularly engaged in an economic activity
PROCESSORA natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which processes personal data on behalf of the controller
MAIN ESTABLISHMENT(a) as regards a controller with establishments in more than one Member State, the place of its central administration in the Union, unless the decisions on the purposes and   of the processing of personal data are taken in another establishment of the controller in the Union and the latter establishment has the power to have such decisions implemented, in which case the establishment having taken such decisions is to be considered to be the main establishment; (b) as regards a processor with establishments in more than one Member State, the place of its central administration in the Union, or, if the processor has no central administration in the Union, the establishment of the processor in the Union where the main processing activities in the context of the activities of an establishment of the processor take place to the extent that the processor is subject to specific obligations under this Regulation
DATA PROTECTION IMPACT ASSESSMENTPrior analysis of those data processing operations that may pose a high risk to the rights and freedoms of individuals
FILING SYSTEMAny structured set of personal data which are accessible according to specific criteria, whether centralised, decentralised or dispersed on a functional or geographical basis
PUBLICLY AVAILABLE SOURCESThose files whose consultation can be made by any person, not prevented by a restrictive rule or without any other requirement than, where appropriate, the payment of a consideration. Only the promotional census, the telephone directories under the terms provided by their specific regulations and the lists of persons belonging to groups of professionals that contain only the data of name, title, profession, activity, academic degree, address and indication of their belonging to the group are considered publicly accessible sources. Likewise, the official newspapers and gazettes and the media are sources of public access.
GROUP OF UNDERTAKINGA controlling undertaking and its controlled undertakings
INCIDENTAny anomaly that affects or could affect data security
RESTRICTION OF PROCESSINGThe marking of stored personal data with the aim of limiting their processing in the future
BINDING CORPORATE RULESPersonal data protection policies which are adhered to by a controller or processor established on the territory of a Member State for transfers or a set of transfers of personal data to a controller or processor in one or more third countries within a group of undertakings, or group of enterprises engaged in a joint economic activity
RELEVANT AND REASONED OBJECTIONAn objection to a draft decision as to whether there is an infringement of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, or whether envisaged action in relation to the controller or processor complies with that Regulation, which clearly demonstrates the significance of the risks posed by the draft decision as regards the fundamental rights and freedoms of data subjects and, where applicable, the free flow of personal data within the Union
INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONAn organisation and its subordinate bodies governed by public international law, or any other body which is set up by, or on the basis of, an agreement between two or more countries
PRIVACY BY DEFAULTAdoption of technical and organisational measures aimed at ensuring that by default only those data that are necessary for the purposes of processing are processed
PRIVACY BY DESIGNAdoption of technical and organisational measures aimed at effectively applying data protection principles and integrating the necessary guarantees into data processing.
REPRESENTATIVEA natural or legal person established in the Union who, designated by the controller or processor in writing pursuant to Article 27, represents the controller or processor with regard to their respective obligations under  Regulation EU 2016/679
SAFETY OFFICERPerson(s) to whom the file controller has formally assigned the task of coordinating and monitoring the applicable security measures
CONTROLLERThe natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and   of the processing of personal data; where the purposes and   of such processing are determined by Union or Member State law, the controller or the specific criteria for its nomination may be provided for by Union or Member State law
INFORMATION SOCIETY SERVICEAny service normally provided for remuneration, at a distance, by electronic means and at the individual request of a recipient of services
PSEUDONYMISATIONThe processing of personal data in such a manner that the personal data can no longer be attributed to a specific data subject without the use of additional information, provided that such additional information is kept separately and is subject to technical and organisational measures to ensure that the personal data are not attributed to an identified or identifiable natural person
THIRD PARTYA natural or legal person, public authority, agency or body other than the data subject, controller, processor and persons who, under the direct authority of the controller or processor, are authorised to process personal data
PROCESSINGAny operation or set of operations which is performed on personal data or on sets of personal data, whether or not by automated  , such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction
CROSS-BORDER PROCESSING(a) processing of personal data which takes place in the context of the activities of establishments in more than one Member State of a controller or processor in the Union where the controller or processor is established in more than one Member State; or (b) processing of personal data which takes place in the context of the activities of a single establishment of a controller or processor in the Union but which substantially affects or is likely to substantially affect data subjects in more than one Member State.
PERSONAL DATA BREACHA breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data transmitted, stored or otherwise processed

If you have been interested in this section, you can consult our complete dictionary in the following link:

Dictionary (Jargon) of Financial Regularity

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